By the time of the Partition of British India, the city was the largest in Sindh with a population of , Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to any native Pakistani language preference over the other. The city is much of Pakistans tourist industry, with major attractions including the old Walled City.
The Vedic Civilization, characterised by Indo-Aryan culture, laid the foundations of Hinduism, Multan was an important Hindu pilgrimage centre. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. The territory has a form of government modeled after the Westminster system. Initially a dominion, Pakistan adopted a constitution in , becoming an Islamic republic, an ethnic civil war in resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh. Taxila had one of the earliest universities and centres of education in the world. The Maharajas crumbling forces were unable to withstand the onslaught, the raiders captured the towns of Muzaffarabad and Baramulla, the latter 20 miles northwest of the state capital Srinagar. There are large populations of Pakistani ancestry around the world, due to emigration, the population of Pakistanis abroad is considered to exceed seven million and can be found in the Middle East, North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. The Baloch people inhabit the southwest of the country, the Kashmiri people are an important ethnic group of the Kashmir region in the north. The territory shares a border with Gilgit—Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations, the territory also borders Pakistans Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and it is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a similarly diverse geography and wildlife. However, Islam is the force behind the unity of varying ethnic groups from different parts of the country. The city is also a centre of education in Pakistan. The city experienced economic growth following independence, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan. On October 24, the Maharaja requested military assistance from India, Indian troops were immediately airlifted into Srinagar 3. The citys inhabitants are referred to by the demonym Karachiite in English, the earliest inhabitants of the Karachi region are believed to have been hunter-gatherers, with ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. There are countless other ethnic groups make up part of Pakistanis mosaic such as the Bengalis, Burmese, Hazara, Tajik and Hakka. Azad Jammu and Kashmir Urdu: Some do not include Afghanistan, others question whether Afghanistan should be considered a part of South Asia or the Middle East, the mountain countries of Nepal and Bhutan, and the island countries of Sri Lanka and Maldives are generally included as well. Pakistani culture falls in the category of high context, Urdu, a major standard register of Hindustani, is Pakistans national language. South Asia — Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. Maharajas administration is said to have started levying punitive taxes on the peasantry which provoked a local revolt, the areas population, swelled by recently demobilised soldiers following World War II, rebelled against the Maharajas forces and gained control of almost the entire district. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The British Indian Ocean Territory is connected to the region by a publication of Janes for security considerations, the inclusion of Myanmar in South Asia is without consensus, with many considering it a part of southeast Asia and others including it within South Asia. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. Urdu is spoken as a first, second or at times third tongue by almost all Pakistani people, english is spoken at an official level and in most elite circles, as a legacy of the long British Raj colonial rule in the region.
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