The analysis revealed higher prevalence of throat clearing and dryness in the overall menopausal group compared to the pre-menopausal group. The association between body mass index and hot flash in midlife women: Effect of multiparity and prolonged lactation on bone mineral density.
Testosterone declines with age in both men and women and testosterone therapy is being increasingly used to treat symptoms of hormone deficiency in women including breast cancer survivors 11— York Find articles by A. Cytologic findings taken from epithelial smears of cervix and vocal folds have also been shown to be similar as reported by Caruso et al. There was an increase in sentence speech F 0 at 6 months. The results of this study corroborate the correlation between voice and BMI in menopausal women further substantiating the role of fat in as an important confounding variable in the prevalence of these symptoms. The results are in accordance with the few reports supporting the importance of fat when investigating the effect of menopause of voice. Association of age at onset of menopause and time since onset of menopause with cardiovascular outcomes, intermediate vascular traits, and all-cause mortality: Patient demographics are listed in Table 1. Hoarseness has a number of causes, ranging from simple inflammatory processes to less common psychiatric disorders to more serious systemic, neurologic, or cancerous conditions. Phono-articulatory variations of women in reproductive age and postmenopausal. Visi-Pitch II model instruction manual. There was no difference in average fundamental speaking frequency sentence, paragraph, conversation between the pre-treatment group and any post-treatment group at 3 and 12 months. The clinical significance of this study lies in the subject selection where both BMI and age were taken into consideration. Results There were no significant differences in average F 0 related to smoking history, menopausal status, weight, or body mass index. The analysis revealed higher prevalence of throat clearing and dryness in the overall menopausal group compared to the pre-menopausal group. When BMI is taken into account these symptoms were absent in the menopausal group with low BMI compared to the pre-menopause. York , b and C. Evaluation of bone density measurement in type 2 diabetic postmenopausal women with hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Similarly a study by Mendes L showed no significant difference in any of the perturbation parameters in postmenopausal women vs non menopausal ones. Medication-induced hoarseness is common and should be considered. More often than not the perceptual vocal changes reported by menopausal women are substantiated by acoustic findings such as a low fundamental frequency, a contracted range, a reduction in maximum phonation time and an increase in perturbation parameters namely shimmer and jitter. Footnotes Conflict of Interest: Conclusion Menopausal women have more throat clearing and dryness compared to pre-menopausal women. For information about the SORT evidence rating system, go to https: With an increase in the amount of fat cells we anticipate an increase in the concentration of endogenous estrogens and inversely a decrease in the concentration of fat cells will result in less production of endogenous estrogens.
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