And finally, it appears in Linear B on Knossos Tablet Gg as da-pu2-ri-to-jo po-ti-ni-ja, which probably represents the Mycenaean Greek Daburinthoio potniai, "to the mistress of the Labyrinth," recording the distribution of one jar of honey. It has twelve covered courts — six in a row facing north, six south — the gates of the one range exactly fronting the gates of the other. Unlike the Greeks, the Minoans did not consider symmetry an important attribute of architecture. The Minoans are a mysterious people. Daedalus lamented his dead son and then continued to Sicily , where he came to stay at the court of Cocalus in a place called Camicus.
The compartments in the floor were the permanent locations of pithoi , or storage jars, like these, which stored wet and dry consumables, such as wine, oil and grain. Their most mysterious art shows human figures, some of them girls, grabbing the horns of a bull and leaping over it. They developed extended trading links, grew rich from sea-borne commerce with the Egyptians and Greeks, and used an early form of writing called Linear A, which has yet to be deciphered. Now the Minotaur was confined in a labyrinth, in which he who entered could not find his way out; for many a winding turn shut off the secret outward way. The king's daughter Ariadne fell in love with Theseus. This is probably where the legend of the labyrinth began. The features currently most visible date mainly to the last period of habitation, which Evans termed Late Minoan. Evans found various bull motifs, including an image of a man leaping over the horns of a bull , as well as depictions of a labrys carved into the walls. What if one should lose the clue! Often an image of the Minotaur appears in the center of these mosaic labyrinths. The labyrinth wasn't built in a cave below the palace, though. Herodotus , in Book II of his Histories , describes as a "labyrinth" a building complex in Egypt, "near the place called the City of Crocodiles ," that he considered to surpass the pyramids: The excavated ancient Royal Road is part of the complex. In the early 19th century C. Underground far below King Minos' palace at the city of Knossos lay a huge maze built for him by the inventor and master architect Daedalus. The myth of the Minotaur tells that Theseus, a prince from Athens, whose father is an ancient Greek king named Aegeus , reason for the name of the Greek sea the Aegean Sea , sailed to Crete, where he was forced to fight a terrible creature called the Minotaur. Archaeologists have wondered if this strange and dangerous activity really did take place. The palace's interior floors were covered with crystalline white gypsum, and its outer facade was rendered in strikingly varied color and crowned with many bull horns, a sacred symbol that the Minoans may have worshipped. Perhaps the violent and unpredictable movements of the earth seemed to them like the temperamental acts of a creature such as a bull. Across the Minoan Road entering from the northwest is the Arsenal. From their union three sons were born triplets or two twins. Location[ edit ] View to the east from the northwest corner. Of Daedalus' many ingenious works, the most famous was the Labyrinth - the gigantic palace comprised of clusters of rooms and corridors so complex and convoluted that only Daedalus himself was able to find the way out again. Kephala Hill is an isolated hill at the confluence. Since its discovery, many have speculated that this complex structure, with its ever-present bull symbolism, was the distant inspiration behind the labyrinth in the Greek myth of Theseus and the Minotaur. On the west side is the Little Palace.
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