Deciduous forests are found along the Western Ghats while tropical dry forests and scrub lands are common in the interior Deccan plateau. The Western Ghats continue south until Kanyakumari. The Vijayanagara Empire , founded in 14th century A. The Arabian Sea branch of the southwest monsoon hits the Western Ghats along the coastal state of Kerala and moves northwards along the Konkan coast with precipitation on coastal areas, west of the Western Ghats. Tamil Nadu and southeast Andhra Pradesh receive rains from the northeast monsoon.
Deciduous forests are found along the Western Ghats while tropical dry forests and scrub lands are common in the interior Deccan plateau. The Palk Strait and the chain of low sandbars and islands known as Rama's Bridge separate the region from Sri Lanka , which lies off the southeastern coast. The Coramandel coast does not receive much rainfall from the southwest monsoon due to the shape of the land. The Vijayanagara Empire , founded in 14th century A. The Nilgiris run in a crescent approximately along the borders of Tamil Nadu with northern Kerala and Karnataka, encompassing the Palakkad and Wayanad hills and the Sathyamangalam ranges, extending on to the relatively low-lying hills of the Eastern Ghats on the western portion of the Tamil Nadu—Andhra Pradesh border forming the Tirupati and Annamalai hills. Elephant populations are found in eight fragmented sites in South India; in northern Karnataka, along the Western Ghats, in Bhadra — Malnad , in Brahmagiri —Nilgiris—Eastern Ghats, in Nilambur — Silent Valley —Coimbatore, in Anamalai — Parambikulam , in Periyar — Srivilliputhur and Agasthyamalai  The region is home to one-third of the tiger population and more than half of the elephant population of India. It is home to Endangered aquatic species including dolphins , dugongs , whales and sea cucumbers. Artefacts such as ground stone axes, and minor copper objects have been found in the region. Geography of South India Satellite image of South India South India is a peninsula in the shape of an inverted triangle bound by the Arabian Sea on the west, by the Bay of Bengal on the east and Vindhya and Satpura ranges on the north. The Andaman and Nicobar islands lie far off the eastern coast of India. The region played a major role in the Indian independence movement ; of the 72 delegates who participated in the first session of the Indian National Congress at Bombay in December , 22 hailed from South India. Bird sanctuaries including Vedanthangal , Ranganathittu , Kumarakom , Neelapattu and Pulicat are home to numerous migratory and local birds. The southern Western Ghats have rainforests located at high altitudes called the South Western Ghats montane rain forests and the Malabar Coast moist forests are found on the coastal plains. The tropical climate is experienced in a strip of south-western lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast , the Western Ghats and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar are also subject to this climate. Telangana was created on 2 June by bifurcating Andhra Pradesh and it comprises ten districts of the erstwhile state of Andhra Pradesh. The Arabian Sea branch of the southwest monsoon hits the Western Ghats along the coastal state of Kerala and moves northwards along the Konkan coast with precipitation on coastal areas, west of the Western Ghats. Tamil Nadu and southeast Andhra Pradesh receive rains from the northeast monsoon. The Western Ghats continue south until Kanyakumari. Once the dry northeast monsoon begins in September, most precipitation in India falls in Tamil Nadu, leaving other states comparatively dry. After repeated invasions from the Sultanate of Delhi and the fall of Vijayanagara empire in , the region was ruled by Deccan Sultanates , polygars and Nayak governors of Vijayanagara empire who declared independence. The lofty Western Ghats prevent the winds from reaching the Deccan Plateau; hence, the leeward region the region deprived of winds receives very little rainfall. The major tributaries include Pennar , Tungabhadra , Bhavani and Thamirabarani. The region, which includes Karnataka, inland Tamil Nadu and western Andhra Pradesh, gets between and millimetres
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