Do not vote for them unless they work for us. Third-wave feminism is traced to the emergence of the Riot grrrl feminist punk subculture in Olympia, Washington , in the early s,   and to Anita Hill 's televised testimony in —to an all-male, all-white Senate Judiciary Committee —that Clarence Thomas , nominated for the Supreme Court of the United States , had sexually harassed her. Second-wave feminism is a feminist movement beginning in the early s  and continuing to the present; as such, it coexists with third-wave feminism. In , Qasim Amin , considered the "father" of Arab feminism, wrote The Liberation of Women, which argued for legal and social reforms for women. In this was extended to all women over
Third-wave feminism Feminist, author and social activist bell hooks b. Anthony , who each campaigned for the abolition of slavery prior to championing women's right to vote. Second-wave feminism is largely concerned with issues of equality beyond suffrage, such as ending gender discrimination. Simone Veil — , former French Minister of Health — In Switzerland , women gained the right to vote in federal elections in ;  but in the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden women obtained the right to vote on local issues only in , when the canton was forced to do so by the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. The feminist activist and author Carol Hanisch coined the slogan "The Personal is Political", which became synonymous with the second wave. Congress repealed Don't Ask, Don't Tell in with his strong support, and in , he instructed his Justice Department to stop defending the Defense of Marriage Act, helping to pave the way for a series of Supreme Court decisions that ultimately legalized same-sex marriage nationwide. In Don't Tell Me to Wait, former Advocate reporter Kerry Eleveld shows that Obama's transformation from cautious gradualist to gay rights champion was the result of intense pressure from lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender activists. In , Qasim Amin , considered the "father" of Arab feminism, wrote The Liberation of Women, which argued for legal and social reforms for women. The second wave campaigned for legal and social equality for women. Louise Weiss along with other Parisian suffragettes in Those historians use the label " protofeminist " to describe earlier movements. The term third wave is credited to Rebecca Walker , who responded to Thomas's appointment to the Supreme Court with an article in Ms. Photograph of American women replacing men fighting in Europe, Feminists continued to campaign for the reform of family laws which gave husbands control over their wives. Three prior referendums held in , and had failed to secure women's right to vote. Third-wave feminism is traced to the emergence of the Riot grrrl feminist punk subculture in Olympia, Washington , in the early s,   and to Anita Hill 's televised testimony in —to an all-male, all-white Senate Judiciary Committee —that Clarence Thomas , nominated for the Supreme Court of the United States , had sexually harassed her. During the baby boom period, feminism waned in importance. The third wave is a continuation of, and a reaction to, the perceived failures of second-wave feminism, which began in the s. Therefore, with the turn of the 19th century activism had focused primarily on gaining political power, particularly the right of women's suffrage , though some feminists were active in campaigning for women's sexual , reproductive , and economic rights as well. For example, Victoria passed legislation in , New South Wales in , and the remaining Australian colonies passed similar legislation between and Most western feminist historians contend that all movements working to obtain women's rights should be considered feminist movements, even when they did not or do not apply the term to themselves. The Consultative Assembly of Algiers of proposed on 24 March to grant eligibility to women but following an amendment by Fernand Grenier , they were given full citizenship, including the right to vote. In this was extended to all women over By the end of the 19th century, a number of important steps had been made with the passing of legislation such as the UK Custody of Infants Act which introduced the Tender years doctrine for child custody arrangement and gave woman the right of custody of their children for the first time. In May , following the November elections , the sociologist Robert Verdier minimized the " gender gap ", stating in Le Populaire that women had not voted in a consistent way, dividing themselves, as men, according to social classes. Let this dismissal of a woman's experience move you to anger.
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