Given the high rates of sexual revictimization among those who have experienced CSA Classen et al. Dissociation and the dissociative disorders: WHO; Available at http: Aggression and Violent Behavior. This version was pre-tested by two Moldovan psychiatrists trained in standardized interviews.
However, professionals should also be prepared to provide information about referral options, and should familiarise themselves with local and national support services and referral pathways Hemmings et al, Finally, this study failed to find an association between sexual satisfaction and dissociation during sexual behavior. This version was pre-tested by two Moldovan psychiatrists trained in standardized interviews. Perceptions of sexuality as related to sexual functioning and sexual risk in women with different types of childhood abuse histories. Care plans for survivors of trafficking must be based on individual needs, and must apply clinical guidelines for the treatment of PTSD and of depression. BMJ Open, 5, E Further, evidence-based mental health interventions are needed to address CSA within the context of HIV, particularly for neglected subgroups such as people of color, men who have sex with men, and transgendered individuals. An Application of Multiple Systems Estimation. The Dissociative Experiences during Sexual Behavior scale demonstrated good reliability and appears to have validity for measuring dissociation during sex. Second, cross-sectional data limits our ability to make causal inferences. Hypnotizability and traumatic experience: Mental health professionals should routinely enquire about current and historical experiences of abuse when working with trafficked patients. The American Journal of Psychiatry. Survivors will benefit from psychological support to address their experiences of multiple traumatic events. Evidence-based interventions for PTSD such as narrative exposure therapy NET , trauma-focused cognitive—behavioural therapy TF-CBT and eye movement desensitisation and re-processing EMDR may be suitable for survivors who are ready to talk about their trauma, and should be evaluated in future research. It was understandable to participants and had good face validity. Treating survivors of childhood abuse: Women were approached by IOM social workers and, if they gave informed consented to participate in the study, interviewed by the research team. Researchers were, however, trained to listen sensitively and non-judgmentally to women if they chose to disclose information about their experiences while trafficked, to emphasize that they were not to blame, and encourage them to speak with their support worker. Of the women, 28 could not be traced by IOM social workers, 9 declined to be approached by the research team following contact with the IOM social worker, and 19 declined to give informed consent upon contact with the research team. Care should be taken to explain care plans, care coordination and duration, to ensure informed consent and, whenever possible, to allow individuals to participate in decision-making about their care. Childhood and adult abuse among women in primary health care: Journal of Traumatic Stress. Items were translated and adapted following focus group discussions with local key informants. Awareness raising and training are required to ensure professionals are prepared to respond to trafficking and to safely identify and refer trafficked people to the care that they need and deserve.
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