Visible at the water's edge are inscriptions carved deeply into the rock during the Seventeenth Dynasty. This "Elephantine Triad" included Satis and Anuket. In ancient times the island was also an important stone quarry , providing granite for monuments and buildings all over Egypt.
This "Elephantine Triad" included Satis and Anuket. It is probably the older of the two. The more famous is a corridor nilometer associated with the Temple of Satis, with a stone staircase that descends the corridor. Neither nilometer at Elephantine is suitable for the purpose, while the well at Aswan is apparently lost. Nilometers[ edit ] A nilometer was a structure for measuring the Nile River's clarity and the water level during the annual flood season. This region above is referred to as Upper Egypt because it is further up the Nile. There are two nilometers at Elephantine Island. Later, when the triad was formed, Khnum became identified as her consort and, thereby, was thought of as the father of Anuket. These, the oldest ruins still standing on the island, are composed of a granite step pyramid from the Third Dynasty and a small temple built for the local Sixth Dynasty nomarch , Heqaib. Ongoing excavations by the German Archaeological Institute at the island's ancient town site have uncovered many findings that are now on display in the museum, including a mummified ram of Khnum. The other Nilometer is a rectangular basin located at the island's southern tip, near the Temple of Khnum and opposite the Old Cataract Hotel. Archaeological sites[ edit ] Ongoing excavations by the German Archaeological Institute at the town have uncovered many findings, on display in the Aswan Museum located on the island, including a mummified ram of Khnum. This temple was completely rebuilt in the Late Period, during the Thirtieth Dynasty of Egypt , just before the foreign rule that followed in the Graeco-Roman Period. At that time they were destroyed during the campaign of Muhammad Ali , who had taken power in Egypt, to conquer Sudan. Satis was worshipped from very early times as a war goddess and protector of this strategic region of Egypt. There are records of an Egyptian temple to Khnum on the island as early as the Third Dynasty. The cult of Satis originated in the ancient city of Aswan. Most of the present day southern tip of the island is taken up by the ruins of the Temple of Khnum. Both temples were relatively intact prior to the deliberate demolition. When seen as a fertility goddess , she personified the bountiful annual flooding of the Nile, which was identified as her daughter, Anuket. His role in myths changed later and another deity was assigned his duties with the river. A large luxury hotel is at the island's northern end. Verdant Euphantine Island, opposite Assuan, Egypt", It was an excellent defensive site for a city and its location made it a natural cargo transfer point for river trade. Ninety steps that lead down to the river are marked with Arabic , Roman , and hieroglyphic numerals.
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