Public Indecency , in violation of C. This made Agan question whether creating sex offender registries was a rational idea. Using this Website, interested members of the public have access to and may search participating Jurisdiction Website public information regarding the presence or location of offenders who, in most cases, have been convicted of sexually violent offenses against adults and children and certain sexual contact and other crimes against victims who are minors. In other states, offenders are categorized according to the tier level related to statute of conviction.
Offense classified as Tier I offense in one state with no public disclosure, might be classified as Tier II or Tier III offense in another, leading to considerably longer registration period and public disclosure. The Supreme Court of the United States has upheld sex offender registration laws twice, in two respects. United Kingdom[ edit ] In the United Kingdom, the Violent and Sex Offender Register ViSOR is a database of records of those required to register with the Police under the Sexual Offences Act , those jailed for more than 12 months for violent offences, and unconvicted people thought to be at risk of offending. Individual State Conditions of Use: In some jurisdictions, they cannot live within a certain distance of places children or families gather. If a felon in Florida is convicted of enough non-sexual felonies in a certain period of time, however, they are required to register for the rest of their life on a "Habitual Offender" registry that is available to the general public. This Sex Offenders Registry is only accessible to the Police Service and other branches of government. Public disclosure of sex offender information[ edit ] Currently, only the United States allows, and more often than not requires public disclosure of offender information, regardless of individual risk. The public does not have access to the registry; it is available to employers of people who work with children or mentally disabled people, to authorities responsible for licensing institutions that care for children or mentally disabled people, and to those responsible for approving foster care and adoptions. The Human Rights Watch organization criticized these laws in a page report published in ,  and in another report in Despite the public perception of sex offenders as having high recidivism, sex offenders had the second lowest recidivism rate, after only murderers, but sex offenders were about four times more likely than non-sex offenders to be arrested for a sexual offense after their discharge from prison. Level Tier I, Level II, and Level III offenders, information is usually accessible related to that level information being more accessible to the public for higher level offenders. Residency restrictions may even cause a sex offender's family to be homeless. The Department does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or timeliness of the information contained in Jurisdiction Websites regarding specific offenders or with respect to the omission of information about other offenders who may be residing, working, or attending school in the vicinity of any location that is the subject of any search using this Website. There are several gaps in this policy noted by members of the Caribbean Committee against Sex Crimes, most notably that the registry only deals with offenses committed within the Jurisdiction of Trinidad and Tobago. This proposed register has received support from both the ruling National Party and the opposition Labour Party. The thought of getting on the sex offender registry may or may not deter non-sex offenders from committing sex crimes. Using this Website, interested members of the public have access to and may search participating Jurisdiction Website public information regarding the presence or location of offenders who, in most cases, have been convicted of sexually violent offenses against adults and children and certain sexual contact and other crimes against victims who are minors. Thus, identical offenses committed in different states could produce very different outcomes in terms of public disclosure and registration period. Other countries do not make sex offender information public, unless the risk assessment has been conducted and the offender has been determined to pose a high risk of re-offending. In other states, offenders are categorized according to the tier level related to statute of conviction. Such places are usually schools, worship centers, and parks, but could also include public venues stadiums , airports, apartments, malls, major retail stores, college campuses, and certain neighborhoods unless for essential business. All 50 states and District of Columbia maintain registries that are open to public via sex offender registration websites, although some registered sex offenders are visible to law enforcement only. Florida requires all felons, regardless of the crime, to register with law enforcement for 5 years after release, although the Florida felon registry is not available to the general public. However, the study also found that making sex offender registration publicly available may deter some potential first time sex offenders from committing an offense that would get them on the registry in the first place. In the United States[ edit ] In some localities in the United States, the lists of all sex offenders are made available to the public: Some states exclude low tier offenders from public registries while in others, all offenders are publicly listed.
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