However, advocates could not get the last four states necessary and the Congressionally-imposed deadline for ratification passed. Ratified May 7, Upon being properly ratified, an amendment becomes an operative addition to the Constitution.
Article 5 of the US Constitution states that constitutional amendments have to be passed by a two-thirds majority in both houses of the legislature upper and lower houses of Congress. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States. Article I, section 4, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of this amendment. In addition, a portion of the 12th amendment was superseded by section 3. Twenty-seven of these, having been ratified by the requisite number of states, are part of the Constitution. Some amendments are quickly ratified. The First 10 Constitutional Amendments - the Bill of Rights The links provide access to interesting, detailed articles that explain the meanings of each of the first 10 constitutional amendments together with a very short, simplified summary of what these constitutional amendments actually mean. Article III, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by amendment The first ten amendments were adopted and ratified simultaneously and are known collectively as the Bill of Rights. It is then officially a component of the Constitution when three-fourths of States ratify it. A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. Constitutional amendments must then be ratified by three-fourths of states. Ratified May 7, If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. Amendments must be properly Proposed and Ratified before becoming operative. Denies the sale and consumption of alcohol. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. Denies any laws that vary the salaries of Congress members until the beginning of the next terms of office for Representatives. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. Alternatively, an amendment could be proposed through the state legislatures with a majority of two-thirds a process called constitutional convention. Repealed by amendment
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